Ponca Tribe of Nebraska
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Niobrara, NE; Knox County
The Usni Ponka (Ponca) Tribe of Nebraska are believed to have traveled from the eastern United States. At that time, they were situated along Ponca Creek, in Knox County, near present-day Verdel at the time Lewis and Clark came upon them in 1804. They lived in earth lodges and were primarily horticulturists, but also made seasonal hunting trips. After the signing of the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868 the Ponca Nation was relocated to Oklahoma, which was considered “Indian territory” at the time. A Ponca chief known as Standing Bear defied the US government and traveled back to Nebraska to bury his son, but was arrested and tried. This helped Native Americans gain recognition to be a person.
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